How do I obtain the Creative Participation Assessment form?

Since 2006, the Creative Participation Assessment (CPA) form has been available to Occupational Therapists and support workers trained by ICAN, with permission of its author, Dain van der Reyden.  Training has been essential, as in the absence of adequate literature from 2006-2019, it is not possible to understand the items on the form (key constructs), or how they relate to concluding a person's level and phase of creative ability.  See the UK Foundation's Position Statement on Assessment.

In 2019, the CPA was made available in Van der Reyden D, Casteleijn D, Sherwood W, de Witt P (2019) The Vona du Toit Model of Creative Ability: Origins, Constructs, Principles and Application in Occupational Therapy. Vona & Marie du Toit Foundation, Pretoria, South Africa.  As stated in this text, the CPA can be reproduced for use in practice when the user has gained adequate knowledge through study of the VdTMoCA.

In my view, only Occupational Therapists should be using data from the CPA to conclude a client's level and phase of creative ability, and should not be responsibility of any other person. 

Do you have to be trained in order to use the VdTMoCA?

The short answer is "no", but you do need to have adequate knowledge and understanding.  The VdTMoCA is a sophisticated practice model.  Understanding how to assess and conclude a person's level and phase of creative ability is complex, requiring study, experiential learning and reflection-on-action.  
The first step is to read the core text: Van der Reyden D, Casteleijn D, Sherwood W, de Witt P (2019) The Vona du Toit Model of Creative Ability: Origins, Constructs, Principles and Application in Occupational Therapy.  Vona & Marie du Toit Foundation, Pretoria, South Africa.
Reading reports on application to practice is very helpful too - look for OT News articles (RCOT publication, UK), FOCUS (OTASA publication, South Africa), Participation (available to VdTMoCA Foundation, UK members), and the practice-based texts. 

Who can the VdTMoCA be used with?

Anyone.  Every person can be identified as being on a specific level and phase of creative ability, and the VdTMoCA treatment principles can be applied in any environment, context, situation with any individual or groups of people.  

How do I obtain the Activity Participation Outcome Measure?

The Activity Participation Outcome Measure (Casteleijn, 2010) (APOM) is informed by the VdTMoCA and relies upon good knowledge of the core constructs of the VdTMoCA, and the levels and phases of creative ability.
Therefore, in my opinion the APOM should not be used by inexperienced Occupational Therapists who are not confident in assessment of creative ability.
The APOM is not freely available, but requires training.  Direct enquiries to

What is the evidence-base for the VdTMoCA?

The VdTMoCA is one of the longest standing Occupational Therapy models.  Its theory originated in the 1960s and 1970s and was first described as the Model of Creative Ability in the 1980s.  The VdTMoCA has a long standing history in broad areas of practice since this time, used as the model of choice by countless therapists.  Therefore, it has a substantial practice-based evidence-base.
The research evidence-base is not as developed as it needs to be. This could be for many reasons. The VdTMoCA is a South African model - South Africa being largely isolated during the apartheid years. As a developing country, South Africa is a highly challenging context for Occupational Therapy, dominated for a long time by the AIDS crisis. Serving very large numbers of clients, South Africa has only a fraction of the number of therapists in many other countries, restricting opportunities for research.
However, interest in the VdTMoCA in the UK and beyond has sparked renewed valuing of the model in South Africa and the research-base is strengthening (see list of resources).

Can any discipline use the VdTMoCA?

The VdTMoCA can inform every interaction with individuals, therefore it can inform a team's ward round; how nurses interact with and engage clients; how psychologists plan and facilitate group-based therapy; how families and carers enable and support people, etc.  
Knowing a client's level of creative ability also informs us of the nature and degree of support and supervision s/he requires, therefore the VdTMoCA can also help to predict and recommend services that an individual needs, including community care packages.

Is the VdTMoCA taught in Occupational Therapy education?

The VdTMoCA is known to feature in Occupational Therapy student learning at London South Bank University, the University of Essex, Oxford, Northampton, and St George's, London.  There has been a lot of interest in the model at many other BSc (Hons) Occupational Therapy programmes, but the extent to which the model is taught is unknown.  
If you are a lecturer and want to gain further information on the model or form links with Dr Wendy Sherwood, or want a lecture(s) to be provided, and/or your are an OT student who wants a presentation at your OT Society, contact

How can I network with others using the VdTMoCA?

Contact to join a network, e.g. community mental health, CLDT, Personality Disorders/other - just tell us which field of practice you're interested in.
Subscribe to the 1500+ email list of professionals with an interest in the VdTMoCA - join the community and receive free notifications of events, news and networking opportunities - use the Subscribe button at bottom of this page.
Join the VdTMoCA Foundation (UK) and participate in their network.
Take advantage of the CPD events provided by ICAN and the UK Foundation.
Attend the the CPD event in the calendar - the ICAN International VdTMoCA Conference (see Events).

Do you have other questions?

Use the Contact page or just email